This is a carefully selected combination of ingredients to enhance mitochondrial function and improve physical energy.
Acetyl – L-Carnitine (ALCAR)
An amino acid that is naturally produced in the body. ALCAR helps improve your mood, learning and memory. In addition, it carries (transports) the fatty acids to your mitochondria, which then uses those acids to turn it into ATP powering your cells and helping to increase your energy production, and burn more fat.
The natural form of lipoic acid. R-Lipoic acid converts glucose into ATP to which helps to produce energy. It also grants free radical protection which helps safeguard the internal and exterior structure of the cells. In doing this it prevents chemical reactions in the body from damaging the cells.
Generates energy production in every cell. It is involved in producing ATP which helps transfer energy to the cells. It also acts as a scavenger to seek out and destroys free radicals. Additionally, CoQ10 can help improve exercise performance by decreasing oxidative stress in the cells and enhance mitochondrial function.
This is a micronutrient that protects your cells and mitochondria from free radicals. It has also been shown to boost metabolism and combat oxidative stress.
Helps the body methylate agents that are important to mitochondrial function.
Helps the body keep DNA and red blood cells healthy. It also plays a significant role in detoxifying the body.
The purest form of vitamin B9 and helps promote healthy, stable folate levels in the body enhancing energy.
Helps the body convert carbohydrates into glucose which is then burned to produce energy.
L-Carnitine and acetyl-L-carnitine roles and neuroprotection in developing brain Gustavo C. Ferreira1,2,* and Mary C. McKenna2,3 Neurochem Res. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2018 Jun 1. Published in final edited form as: Neurochem Res. 2017 Jun; 42(6): 1661–1675. Published online 2017 May 16. doi: 10.1007/s11064-017-2288-7
Chronic oral ingestion of L-carnitine and carbohydrate increases muscle carnitine content and alters muscle fuel metabolism during exercise in humans. Wall BT1, Stephens FB, Constantin-Teodosiu D, Marimuthu K, Macdonald IA, Greenhaff PL. Department of Human Movement Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, 6200 MD, the Netherlands.
Alpha-lipoic acid as a dietary supplement: Molecular mechanisms and therapeutic potential Kate Petersen Shay,1 Régis F. Moreau, Eric J. Smith, Anthony R. Smith, and Tory M. Hagen Biochim Biophys Acta. 2009 Oct; 1790(10): 1149–1160. Published online 2009 Aug 4. doi: 10.1016/j.bbagen.2009.07.026
Effects of acute and 14-day coenzyme Q10 supplementation on exercise performance in both trained and untrained individuals. Matthew Cooke, Mike Iosia, Thomas Buford, Brian Shelmadine, Geoffrey Hudson, Chad Kerksick, Christopher Rasmussen, Mike Greenwood, Brian Leutholtz, Darryn Willoughby, Richard Kreider. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 20085:8 https://doi.org/10.1186/1550-2783-5-8 Cooke et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2008 Received:11 January 2008 Accepted: 04 March 2008 Published: 04 March 2008
Altering Pyrroloquinoline Quinone Nutritional Status Modulates Mitochondrial, Lipid, and Energy Metabolism in Rats Kathryn Bauerly, Calliandra Harris, Winyoo Chowanadisai, James Graham, Peter J. Havel, Eskouhie Tchaparian, Mike Satre, Joel S. Karliner, Robert B. Rucker Immo A. Hansen, Editor, PLoS One. 2011; 6(7): e21779. Published online 2011 Jul 21. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0021779
Pyrroloquinoline quinone nutritional status alters lysine metabolism and modulates mitochondrial DNA content in the mouse and rat. Bauerly KA, Storms DH, Harris CB, Hajizadeh S, Sun MY, Cheung CP, Satre MA, Fascetti AJ, Tchaparian E, Rucker RB. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2006 Nov;1760(11):1741-8. Epub 2006 Jul 25.